There are three categories under the Criminal Code in respect to criminal offences: summary, hybrid and indictable.
- Trials are held in provincial courts before a judge alone
- No provision for a jury trial
- Penalties- maximum $5000 and imprisonment for six months
- Both a fine and a jail sentence can be imposed
**These offences can be handled by a paralegal.
- Can be tried as either summary/indictable offences
- If the Crown elects to proceed with a summary conviction then they proceed accordingly
- If the Crown elects to proceed with an indictable conviction the accused can choose to proceed by a judge in the provincial or superior court with/without a jury
** If these offences proceed as summary offences then paralegals can represent you in such matters.
- Most serious offences including murder, treason, driving while disqualified, keeping a bawdy house or keeping a gaming/betting house
- Can be heard before a judge, jury or both
**Paralegals cannot represent you in these matters.